Forest Terminology Explained
While undertaking research, you or your students may come across some terms that may need explaining, so we have made it easy for you.
The genetic variety of life forms and their ecosystems. Comprises genetic diversity (within species), species diversity (between species) and ecosystem diversity. Also see ecosystem.
A wildfire burning through bushland such as a State forest. Also see wildfire.
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
A molecule made up of one carbon atom joined to two oxygen atoms. It is a major gas in the Earth's atmosphere. Also see greenhouse gases.
A drainage area in the landscape that is the source of water for a river or reservoir. Also see drainage line.
The fruit of coniferous trees that contains the seeds of the plant. Also see conifers.
Regrowth that grows from dormant buds under the bark of tree stumps after the tree has been felled. Eucalypts will copice. Also see lignotuber.
The top of a tree or group of trees. The leaves and living branches of a tree. Also see canopy.
Abbreviation for the diameter of a tree at breast height (1.3 metres above ground level). Also see basal area.
A discernible natural depression along which surface water runoff concentrates and flows towards a stream, drainage plain or swamp. Also see filter strip.
An introduced species, especially one which is not of Australian origin. Also see Pinus radiata.
Fuel reduction burning
See controlled burning.
Removal of more than one product from a forest at the same time, for example both large sawlogs and pulpwood. See harvesting.
Swollen underground root structure developed by most eucalypts, capable of sprouting new shoots if the tree is damaged. Also see copice.
Area where logs are accumulated prior to loading on trucks. See landing.
The process of cutting down trees for wood. Also see harvesting.
A woody plant smaller than a tree, usually divided into separate stems near the ground. Also see understorey.
A rubber tyred tractor for dragging felled logs to a loading area. Also see feller buncher.